The Greenhaven Press Turning Points in World History series examines great past milestones and the complex mix of political, social, military, and/or scientific trends and developments that contributed to their occurrence. Each anthology in the series presents a group of essays chosen for their accessibility that highlight political trends and consequences, literary, cultural, and/or technological ramifications, and pivotal leaders. Each essay is introduced with a concise summary of the article's main points and biographical information on the author. An introductory essay provides a general overview of the topic, placing it in historical context. In addition, each volume includes other research tools, including an appendix of excerpts from primary source documents, an extensive bibliography, a chronology of events, and a comprehensive index. Book jacket.